informative essay

How to Write an Informative Essay-With Examples

Writing an informative essay might be one of the easiest types of essay you can encounter on any academic level. They are usually written in high school, college, or university. Being a top student means being a well-rounded writer; otherwise, how will you ace your courses?

This article was written just for you. Informative essays are a classic case of easier said than done. So, make sure to take advantage of these tips to improve your overall writing.

Informative Essay: Definition & Purpose

An informative essay is an academic piece of writing whose purpose is to inform the readers of a person, place, object, or event. Informative essays answer the question of who, what, why, when or where.

How to write an informative essay

Most college students write such essays without a plan, and I can guarantee you that is the formula to an underwhelming piece. Always have some structure before writing anything, especially if it will be graded. SO here is a definitive writing process for an informative essay.

Start by selecting a topic. A good way to choose a topic is by evaluating your interests. We all know how easy it is to write about something we are passionate about. Writing becomes so effortless when we write about topics we care about.

If that is a bit difficult, you can check out our list of informative essay topics down featured in this article.

Do your research on the topic and gather ideas concerning the subject. Once you have chosen a topic, find fact-based articles that contain information about the subject from more than one source. You don’t have to worry too much about these sources as long as they are reliable and unbiased. 

Now it’s time to write down all the facts you’ve gathered. 

Organize your ideas and formulate your thesis statement and topic sentences. The thesis statement usually appears in the introduction. It should capture your readers’ attention and provide them with a preview of what they are about to read.

Readers should get an idea of your essay’s main argument after reading the topic sentence. Make sure that it is informative and interesting for your audience.

Create an outline and ensure one idea flows well to the next. It is important to use transitions in between your sentences that contain information. This will create a flow when the reader reads through your essay.

Start writing!

Make sure to use simple language that people can understand. Keep your sentences concise. Avoid using long, complex words just for show. 

End your essay with a conclusion that follows all of these guidelines. You don’t have to include any new information in this section–it’s an extension

Edit your work. Of course, your first draft will be far from ready for submission. Make sure your formatting is as instructed. Also, ensure you have correct paragraph structure, zero plagiarism, correct grammar and spelling. Lastly, check if your argument is relevant to the informative essay.

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Organizing Your Information for an Informative Essay

Each person has a different way of organizing their information. Find the method that works best for you and stick to it. Here are some tips:

1. Arrange your ideas in an outline form and sort them into categories such as introduction, main body and conclusion. An outline starts with the introduction, which presents your thesis statement along with your topic sentence. The main body of your essay includes the facts you have gathered through your research. Lastly, the conclusion should include a summary of your main points.

2. Use headings to differentiate sections in your essay. You can use numbers or letters, both are equally effective when documenting the different sections of an informative essay.

3. Create mind maps which is a more visual approach on how you should organize your information. Mind maps start with the central idea and branch out to other ideas. That’s all there is to it!

4. The simplest and quickest method of organizing information for an informative essay would be list-making. Just write down your points one after another in a bullet point format; don’t forget to use transition words whenever necessary.

5. Use the linking words that we have listed below to make the flow of your paragraph more coherent and smooth:

6. If you are still having trouble organizing your ideas, ask yourself these questions: What is this essay about? How does it start? How will I end it?

The methods above should make it easier for you to complete your informative essay.

Informative essay topics

Choosing a topic isn’t easy. This is why we have compiled a list of informative essay topics that are engaging and fun to write about. You can also use them as inspiration for your topic.

You can write about how to do certain things, such as taking care of a baby, installing hidden cameras in your home, etc.

You can also write about historical events. For example, the Holocaust, the beginning and end of slavery, the origins of the banking industry, etc

Biographies are also a great topic to write about. You can delve into the lives of Nelson Mandela, Michael Jackson, Prince, or Nikola Tesla for reference. The thing is to pick an interesting figure to write about.

You can also write about emerging women’s rights, abortion, child support, divorce, female genital mutilation, and other social issues.

Natural phenomena are also an interesting topic to write about. You can discuss hurricanes, typhoons, the Amazon rainforest, the Kalahari desert etc.

Pick a certain topic or issue and try to explore it in depth. Make sure you don’t run out of ideas while writing your informative essay.

Sample Thesis Statements For Informative Essays

The thesis statement is perhaps the most important element in any essay. It sums up your argument. The thesis statement is what your instructor is probably looking for when assessing your work. Therefore, it is crucial to work on your thesis to make sure it represents your main idea.

Here are a few examples of thesis statements for informative essays:

Informative essay thesis about the Amazon rainforest

“The Amazon rainforest is one of the largest and most biologically diverse places on Earth. It deserves our protection.”

Informative essay about female genital mutilation

“Female genital mutilation has been a longstanding tradition in many African countries. However, it has detrimental effects on the health of women around the world.”

Informative essay about child support

“Child support is something both men and women are required to pay after a divorce. No matter what you think about its legality, there are benefits to paying your child support.”

Informative essay about the history of banking

“Banking has been around for centuries. It started when goldsmiths allowed their customers to leave their gold in lockboxes and gave them receipts that could be exchanged for the actual amount of gold deposited.”

Informative essay about Nelson Mandela’s life story

“Nelson Mandela was a South African who fought against apartheid and spent 27 years in prison for his efforts. He will always be remembered as a remarkable social activist who spent much of his life working for equality.”

Informative essay about the beginning and end of slavery

“Slavery has been around from the very beginning of civilization right up until recent decades. Slavery was eventually abolished in the 19th century. However, it still exists today.”

Informative essay about women’s rights

“Women have been fighting for their rights since the beginning of time. They fought against political and sociological oppression to be recognized as individuals with agency and a voice.”

Informative essay about divorce

“Divorce is a complex and impactful event for all parties involved. However, it is an unfortunate reality that many people face.”

Informative essay about the banking industry

“The modern banking system represents one of the most important aspects of our society. Banks provide us with safe and secure ways to store our money and transfer it to anyone we choose.”

Informative essay about the origins of Prince

“Prince is a legendary American musician, actor and songwriter. His music has been so influential to popular culture that you’d be hard-pressed to find someone who hasn’t heard any of his songs.”

Informative essay about the tragic life of Michael Jackson

“Michael Jackson is one of the most influential American musicians in modern history. Unfortunately, his life was cut short due to chronic drug abuse and other tragic events.”

Again, make sure your main idea is clear from the beginning. This is why the thesis statement appears at the end of the introductory paragraph.

Informative essay structure

The introduction

In an informative essay, the first paragraph is where you introduce the topic, present your thesis statement and begin to explore your chosen topic through some background information. Remember to keep it brief and include a roadmap that the reader can follow to know the trajectory of your paper.

You can use hooks such as a rhetorical question to generate intrigue in your topic.

Informative essay introduction example

Many people think that skiing is just for winter. However, there are many ski resorts worldwide that allow skiers to experience snow-covered landscapes during the summer months. These resorts stay open all year round and offer activities such as ziplines and bungee jumping so you can spend time outdoors in the sunshine.

The body

After your introduction, you will need to present the details of your argument in one or more body paragraphs. These should be well-developed and organized using sub-heads where appropriate. Each body paragraph must have a topic sentence representing the main point you wish to make about your chosen subject. As with any composition, try to use transition words to connect the different ideas presented in each body paragraph.

Informative essay body paragraph example

Not everyone is aware that skiing was invented as a means for Norwegian farmers to keep from getting bored during their long winters. Once word got out about this practice, ski resorts spread throughout Europe and North America. Today, skiing has become a popular sport for people from all walks of life who wish to challenge themselves in the snow-covered mountains.

The conclusion

In order to finish up your essay, you’ll need to include a conclusion part where you state your thesis again and give an overview of what you’ve just discussed. It is a good idea to not go over the same points reiterated, but instead to focus on a new angle which will leave the reader inspired to do more research.

Informative essay conclusion example

While skiing may seem like a fun sport for the winter months, it can also be enjoyed in warmer weather. If you don’t want to brave the cold but would like to try something new, spend an afternoon at a ski resort during the summer so you can see why this sport is so popular.

Informative essay examples

Check out these sample informative essays to give you a good idea of what we are talking about.

Informative essay about dangerous dogs

“Many people are afraid of dogs, especially the large breeds with a reputation for being aggressive. But not all dogs are equally dangerous. Some breeds are much more prone to biting people than others.”

Informative essay on recycling

“Recycling is one of the best forms of sustainable development because it not only helps save the planet but gives us ways to keep our cities clean and help preserve the flora and fauna that lives within them.”

Informative essay on how to dance

“Dancing can be one of the best ways to express yourself. Whether you follow traditional ballroom dance steps or a more modern, interpretive dance style, dancing is a way to connect with your body and express yourself.”

Informative essay on zoos

“A good zoo should not only entertain its visitors with animals from around the world, but it can also offer educational opportunities through informative signage as well as staff that are knowledgeable about the animals.”

Informative essay on the benefits of exercise

“Exercise is not only one of the best ways to keep in good physical shape, but it can also improve your mental health and boost your immune system.”

Informative Essay Sample

This informative essay example is an excellent guide that will help you create a unique and interesting essay of your own. With the right format and plenty of examples, you will be able to write an informative essay that is sure to impress any professor who wants to see things done the correct way!

Informative Essay about Toilets

Your modern toilet is a remarkable invention—one of the most important of the 20th century. Without it, our lives would be very different. In this essay, I will explain how the flush toilet works and how toilets have evolved.

A toilet is essentially a glorified hole in the ground. A flush toilet consists of a bowl, a tank full of water, and a mechanism to remove dirty water from the bowl. When you push down on the handle, it opens a valve at the bottom of the tank, allowing water to flow into the bowl. When the tank is full, the valve closes, and water begins to fill up behind it inside a large tube called the siphon. The weight of the water on top of the valve squeezes it down so that no more water can enter the bowl. This pressure causes all of the dirty water in the bowl to be sucked out through holes in the rim and down into the sewage system.

About 10 minutes later, afloat in the tank reaches a certain height and shuts off water flow to the tank. The water level slowly begins to fall inside the tank, creating suction at low pressure inside the siphon tube. This creates a partial vacuum that sucks water from below through the siphon tube and into the tank, refilling the bowl. We are left with clean water in the bottom of the bowl, and all of the waste flushed out through the sewer lines.

If you’d like to learn even more about toilets, take a look at this fascinating infographic which outlines not only how they work but other interesting facts about these devices.


A good informative essay can be an interesting read, provided that you follow all the steps mentioned in this article. I would also want to emphasize practice because it is the only way we become efficient essay writers. Good luck with writing your next essay!

Tenured Buddy also offers academic writing services to all students. Don’t hesitate to let us know if you need help. You can contact us through or +1 (903) 951- 5891.

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